During the experiment conducted by scientists from the University of California-Berkeley, subjects were hooked up to cardiac monitors and asked to watch two players. After several rounds, one of the players started to cheat. Study participants, who noticed foul play, showed heart rate acceleration. It was only after they were able to warn the second player about his partner’s dishonesty that their heart rate returned to normal.

The results of the experiment showed that the spread of information about a person who violates social norms helps a gossip to feel better. The therapeutical effect can be explained by the fact that people spreading rumors help others to avoid becoming a victim of fraud or deceit.

Moreover, sometimes the desire to tell others about someone who has dishonest intentions was so great that study participants were even willing to spend money to spread the gossip! According to Matthew Feinberg, one of the study co-authors, such behavior is not only natural, but also correct. After all, people should not feel guilty if they want to protect others from a bad person or unjust outcome.

Consequently, the experiment showed that the main reason that people spread gossip is their desire to help others. However, not all the rumors play such a positive role. For example, gossiping about celebrities carries no social orientation and, therefore, does not have any positive health effect.

The study's author, MaryAnn Noonan, explained that your brain adapts to its surrounding society, and your social skills play a role in that adaptation. This statement is grounded in research conducted by MaryAnn and her colleagues. Eighteen volunteers aged from 27 to 70 answered specific questions, such as:

“How many friends and acquaintances did you contact in the last month?”
“How do you communicate with friends and acquaintances?”
“Which ways of communication do you usually use?”
“How often do you visit each other?”
“How long do your conversations last on the Internet and during face-to-face meetings”, etc.

The scientists took into consideration all forms of social contact used by volunteers. During the experiment, scientists made MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) pictures of the volunteer’s brains. The comparative analysis of the images showed that people with similar social activity have a similarbrain structures. The research showed that communicating with a large number of friends increases certain brain areas in size. The number of connections between other brain areas grows as well, compared with subjects who do not have a wide circle of acquaintances. Moreover, sociable people have much better management and analytical skills.

The researchers suggest that the increase in the size of certain brain areas is the body's adaptive response to the surrounding social environment. However, some scientists have questioned the causality of this research. In other words, increased sociability of some individuals may be a consequence of the increased areas of their brains.

Nevertheless, all this does not mean that sociable people have a bigger brain than reserved ones. While some areas of the brain increase, other are reduced, and, as a result, the total brain volume remains the same. In addition, this study, scientists determined the average person has 20 friends.

Commitment to excellence.The key to personal success lies in rejection of comfort and safety. A hermit crab, who has to look for a new home as it grows and needs a larger shell, is an excellent example of this. A soft and defenseless creature, accustomed to being under the armor, finds itself in a world full of predators. Interestingly, the hermit crab grows fastest during this dangerous search for a new shell. If you set high goals and take risk in each new encounter, in the end you will find out that the lessons you have learned in the process are far more valuable than immediate trophies.

Life is like walking on a log. A baby has no fear of falling while trying to walk on a log. The log seems wide and reliable, and the infant’s cheerfulness and love of adventures pushes him to creative exploration and helps him learn fast. However, the older you get, the more you are aware of possible injuries. In order to optimize our learning, we need to cultivate an optimistic competence in ourselves, which successfully replaces the playful nonchalance of children.

Learn through temporary loss or deprivation. Consider how great is to finally walk on your legs after walking on crutches for weeks. Sadly, nothing helps us appreciate our health better than disease. Think how delicious food tastes after you have fasted for a day.  The human mind tends to assess the value of things relative to each other. Use it!

What is your level? If you got fired from your job, you may go into a deep depression and passively wander around, waiting for a call with a new job offer. However, if you want to be the best your field, you need to take the risks that others avoid, and learn to convert any unfavorable situation to your advantage. Recognize that obstacles will strengthen your determination and give you an additional boost for learning something new. Any challenge is easier to complete if you do not give up.

Reality is different from Hollywood. You cannot pre-determine the outcome of important competitions, adventure or love in advance. The only thing you can safely expect is the life surprise. You must not only learn how to be ready for anything, but you need to embrace it! After all, our life would be so boring without changes and new experiences. Do not be afraid to change and get better.

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